Our War Stories
The Slovakian Miles
by Neal T. Cobb (778)
Here is my story as best I can remember after 56 years.
Our original crew was the first replacement crew to join the 464th bomb group and the
778th squadron. We did not have a tent and slept under the stars for a few nights. This
crew was piloted by Tom Mills. On June 6,1944 Winberg and I were sick and were replaced
by the bombardier and navigator from Lt. Earcel Green's crew. They were shot down over
Ploesti. Winberg and I then joined Green's crew. * ( Ref. MIA p.17)
On July 7, 1944 our target was Blechhammer and I believe
that this was the first of many raids by the 15th on this target. We were hit quite badly
by flack over the target. Everyone of the crew was hit and we lost the number three engine.
John Schianca was wounded seriously and since I was also a qualified gunner, I went
to the waist and took over his tail turret.
As soon as we pulled out of formation the fighters jumped
us and knocked out numbers one and four engines. We were falling rapidly and were
given orders to bailout. We threw Johnnie out of the escape hatch in the waist of the
plane. Others went out and I told Parker to go ahead and jump. He refused so I didn't
hesitate. I took three steps and went out feet first. If I had counted to ten I would not be
writing this story. People who saw this happening said that I bailed out at 500 feet and
that my chute opened about 50 feet off the ground.Only six of us got out. Green, Gulledge,
Elliot, and Parker went down with the plane. For awile they were buried in a common
grave in Slovakia. Since then they were moved to a cemetery in France and Andy Parker
is buried at his church in North Carolina.
The civilians took us to a military installation in Trencin,
Slovakia. John Schianca was put in a hospital there and his leg was operated on. The
rest of us were taken to the capitol of Slovakia, which was Bratislava on the Danube River.
We were transferred to a prison camp out in the country after about three weeks.
We were the first prisoners that the Slovaks kept instead
of handing us over to the German authorities. The camp ended up having 26 Americans,
a New Zealander, and a Scotsman.
On Aug. 29, 1944 there was a Slovak National
Uprising and all the guards deserted and we prisoners took off in different directions. George
Winberg, Frank Soltesz [P51 pilot] , and I traveled together. Frank's parents were from
Slovakia so he spoke the language like a native. I don't think that we would have made
it, if it had not been for him.
We would walk all day and sleep at night. The Germans were
after us and had a reward posted for us. We had several close calls and had shots fired
at us several times. We stayed in the foothills and when we saw the patrols heading
our way, we would run up into the mountains. The Germans would not go into the mountains
unless they had a large force. The partisans pretty much controlled the mountainous areas.
To get food we would find an isolated farm house and
Frank would go up to the door while George and I would stay in the woods. Frank would
tell them who we were and usually we would get a piece of bread and a glass of milk.
Sometimes we had doors closed in our face. The Germans killed any civilians who were
caught aiding American flyers.
At night we would usually sleep on the ground under a bush
with leaves as our mattress. We had no blankets so most nights we froze. When it was raining
it was miserable, but you kept walking and walking and getting wetter and wetter. Fortunately,
we only had rain a few days.
One night we found a haystack to sleep in. We burrowed in
and were warm that night. Unfortunately spiders also were there. They bit my legs above
my GI shoes and my hands. The bites became infected so one day we walked into this little
village and into the local hostinec [bar]. We wanted to get some whiskey to put on my sores.
The bartender tried to talk Frank into us surrendering to the Germans. Frank told him what he
could do with that suggestion and we took off into the hills. As we were going up we saw this
flatcar with 12 German soldiers coming into this village. Apparently the bartender had notified
We had several experiences during our walk, but I won't
go into any of them. We walked north and east and crossed the Polish border. This was
in the Tatra mountains and getting quite cold so we turned south and back into Slovakia.
Shortly after that we ran into some other Americans and learned about this town where
we could get some help. The town was Banska Bystricia and was the headquarters for
the Slovak National Uprising. We made it to this town on the 28th of September. We had
been on the run for a month and figured that we had walked between 350 and 400 miles.
Our bodies made it feel like at least 400.
We did not know it, but a six man OSS group had landed
at this town on Sept. 17th in 2 B-17s. I found out that my tail gunner, John Schianca,
had made it to this town just in time and was flown back to Italy on that day.
The OSS was commanded by a Navy Lt. Holt Green.
He was there to help the Uprising and to help flyers like myself. We were given new uniforms
and some local currency to use. We were there about a week and more and more Americans
kept coming into town. There were finally 30 of us there in Banska Bystrcia.
In the meantime the Germans were putting on a big drive
to shut down the uprising. The commanding general told Lt. Green that they could not
hold the airport too much longer. Lt. Green contacted Bari, Italy and gave them our situation.
They instructed him to have all 30 of us out to this little airport [Tri Duby] the following
The weather was quite cloudy on this Oct. 7, 1944. There
was a lot of activity at Tri Duby that day. You could hear the fighting taking place south
of the airport where the Germans were driving toward Banska Bystrcia. All of a sudden
six B-17s broke out of the clouds escorted by 32 P-5ls. What a beautiful sight that was.
These planes brought in 12 more OSS personnel and an A.P. correspondent by the name
of Joe Morton. We helped unload all the equipment that was brought in by the B-17s.
We then got in the plane that we helped unload and we took off for Italy. We were sent
back to the 464th for processing to go home.
Most of the OSS guys and Morton were captured on
Dec. 26th. They were taken to a concentration camp near Vienna. There they were tortured
and executed on Jan 25,1945. I will always remember them because without their help
I would not be here today.
Back to Our War Stories.
From the Dec. '01 issue of the464th Bomb Group Newsletter.
Published with the permission of Tony Schneider, Sec./NL Ed. (464th, 776)
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